But the doc serves one other goal: a catalog of what was and wasn’t true concerning the 2016 marketing campaign and the Trump administration.
Many nevertheless, haven’t led to court docket instances, since they had been advised by the President or his communications employees to the American public, at press conferences, in interviews and in official statements.
Others had been lies of omission, or concerned fallacious info given initially to investigators after which corrected, generally with consequence, generally with out. Besides in regard to the President’s assertions, Mueller usually didn’t delve into an individual’s intent, as a substitute simply laying out the information he had unearthed.
How we analyzed the report
CNN’s strategy to analyzing the report was this: Each time Mueller documented a false assertion made to the general public or federal officers — even when it was the identical falsehood advised many times — it was counted. This contains lies to investigators and to Congress, who signify the general public. CNN didn’t embody efforts on the a part of the White Home to get different administration officers to lie, of which Mueller notes a number of cases.
The ultimate portrait as written by Mueller reveals eight main matters round which Trump and his associates pushed false tales, from his interactions with former FBI Director James Comey, to the negotiations a few Trump Tower venture in Moscow, to the President’s flat denial that US intelligence had discovered the Russian authorities was concerned within the hack of the Democratic Nationwide Committee.
Generally, Mueller lays it out chilly, saying an individual asserted one thing “falsely.” At different occasions, Mueller describes a cascade of assertions — usually by the President — solely to tug again later to say that “substantial proof” contradicts the statements. On just a few events, Mueller could not decide the reality, however outlines how a minimum of one particular person amongst a gaggle will need to have been giving false info.
In its evaluation, CNN counted cases the place Mueller famous a number of individuals giving totally different variations of occasions as one false assertion every.
CNN’s evaluation additionally counted conditions the place false info was shared but Mueller did not all the time clarify whether or not the particular person supposed to offer dangerous info. In just a few instances, Mueller documented how among the individuals had explanations concerning the data they shared.
In all, though he seldom makes use of the time period, Mueller’s effort would be the first complete discovering by a federal investigator to doc the lies to the American public advised by the Trump marketing campaign and administration.
Trump Tower Moscow venture
Because the marketing campaign, Trump publicly denied having any enterprise ties to Russia. He usually repeated, “I’ve nothing to do with Russia,” and mentioned he stayed away from Russian offers.
The report additionally highlighted a minimum of 15 occasions Trump misled the general public about this important subject. Mueller even rebuked Trump for not “immediately” answering questions concerning the Moscow venture in written testimony he submitted final 12 months. Trump by no means agreed to an in-person interview.
Comey firing and fallout
The Mueller report paperwork a minimum of a dozen cases the place Trump and his associates lied or made false assertions concerning the information surrounding the firing of Comey. Generally, these falsehoods multiplied by means of makes an attempt at injury management, and the President and his employees unfold them on Twitter, in interviews and in official White Home statements.
All in all, Mueller documented the President and the White Home mendacity a number of occasions about why he fired Comey and the circumstances that led to the firing.
In fact, Trump had invited Comey to dinner, requested for the FBI director’s loyalty and requested Comey about “letting Flynn go,” since his nationwide safety adviser was beneath investigation.
Mueller finally sided with Comey’s model of the story, after corroborating it with a number of different sources — even the President’s day by day diary. “Regardless of these denials [from Trump], substantial proof corroborates Comey’s account,” Mueller wrote.
Trump Tower assembly
The general public response from Trump’s staff concerning the assembly was rife with misdirection from the start, together with a minimum of 9 cases of falsehoods.
A spokesperson for Trump’s private authorized staff, Mark Corallo, labored with the conservative information web site Circa Information to create a narrative to deliver into query whether or not the Trump Tower assembly was a setup orchestrated by Democratic operatives, Muller famous. It wasn’t.
Trump Jr. issued an announcement in July 2017 wrongly claiming that the assembly was primarily about Russian adoptions. As an alternative, the dialogue centered on US sanctions in opposition to Russians.
And eventually, Mueller flags a kind of pesky “who was mendacity?” conditions — leaving a serious query of the Russia investigation nonetheless unresolved. Did then-candidate Trump know concerning the assembly upfront?
Cohen advised prosecutors that sure, he did — and Cohen had witnessed the dialog between Trump Jr. and his father, however Cohen famous that he “didn’t recall Trump Jr. stating the assembly was related to Russia.”
However Trump Jr. advised the Senate Judiciary Committee the other. He mentioned he hadn’t spoken to his father about it upfront. Trump marketing campaign chairman Manafort and son-in-law Jared Kushner, the assembly’s different attendees, backed up this story once they spoke to investigators and mentioned they did not recall anybody informing Trump of the assembly. Trump, in his personal written solutions to Mueller’s questions, mentioned he had “no recollection” of the assembly upfront.
Mueller wasn’t capable of decide the reality.
Flynn’s calls with Kislyak
The report shed new mild on one of many earliest episodes within the investigation: The fallout from Flynn’s telephone calls with the Russian ambassador. Mueller recognized a minimum of seven lies and false assertions from 5 senior White Home officers concerning the incident.
Extra contacts with Russians
The report examined how a number of distinguished Trump allies lied or made fallacious assertions to investigators about their contacts with Russians — along with the episodes already described above.
Within the report, nevertheless, Mueller concedes that some Trump marketing campaign associates stymied his efforts to run down each lead within the investigation of potential coordination with Russia, and that there would possibly nonetheless be extra to study.
Makes an attempt to fireplace Mueller
Two occasions, Mueller defined how Trump tried to cowl up the episode the place he had advised White Home counsel Don McGahn to rid him of the Mueller investigation.
As soon as the story broke, Trump dismissed it, calling it “faux information, people. Pretend information.”
McGahn advised Mueller the reality, the report discovered, and Mueller licensed that McGahn had “no motive to lie or exaggerate given the place he held within the White Home.”
The prospect of Trump utilizing his presidential pardon powers to guard his allies by no means turned a actuality in the course of the two-year course of the investigation, nevertheless it all the time bubbled close to the floor.
Regardless of the general public options, Trump hasn’t granted any pardons to any Mueller defendants. Manafort arrived final week at a federal jail in Pennsylvania and is scheduled for launch in 2024.
Russian hacks and WikiLeaks
Regardless of overwhelming proof, which was bolstered by the report, Trump himself has by no means unequivocally said that he accepts that the Russian authorities interfered within the 2016 election, hacked the Democrats, and tried to offer his marketing campaign a political increase.
Different odds and ends
The Mueller report additionally paperwork a lie about hush cash funds made to girls alleging they’d had affairs with Trump, in addition to a false assertion to the general public about former Trump marketing campaign adviser Carter Web page.
CNN’s Sam Fossum, Ellie Kaufman, Caroline Kelly, Holmes Lybrand, Nicky Robertson, Brian Rokus, Em Steck and Tal Yellin contributed to this report.